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TEKNIK MENJAWAB KIMIA KERTAS 3 SPM

a) Statement of the problem: It always must be a question and ended with question mark. Read the question well and you will find it in the hint in the question. Start your statement of the problem with ‘How does manipulated variable affect responding variable?’ or ‘Does increasing/decreasing manipulated variable increase/decrease the responding variable?
b) Aim of experiment: It always must be a statement and ended with full stop. Start your aim of experiment with ‘To compare … / To investigate … / To study …
c) All the variables: List out all the variables and separate each variable in the following sequence.
  • Manipulated variable: (axis-x values)
  • Responding variable: (axis-y values)
  • Constant variable:
d) Statement of the hypothesis: It always must be a statement and ended with full stop. ‘The manipulated variable, the higher/lower/increase/decrease responding variable
Important note: Must follow the sequence (always start with manipulated variable and follow by responding variable).
e) List of substances and apparatus: Always separate substance and apparatus even though this is in one section. Must list everything completely to get 3 marks!
Substances: (the same meaning with materials in PEKA experiments)
Important note: Solution: try to give the concentration of the solution (always in the range of 0.1 – 1.0 mol dm-3) and concentrated solution (>1.0 mol dm-3)
Example:
  • 0.1 mol dm-3 of hydrochloric acid
  • 0.5 mol dm-3 of nitric acid
  • 1.0 mol dm-3 copper(II) suphate solution
  • 0.5 mol dm-3 NaOH, zinc powder
Apparatus: try to list as complete as possible (everything that can be reused in the experiment)
Example:
  • Stop watch
  • measuring cylinder
  • beaker
  • retort stand
  • conical flask
  • filter funnel
  • trough
  • forceps
  • tongs …
f) Procedure of the experiment: This is the hardest part to get full marks (3 marks). You need to write the procedure as complete as possible which means all steps are to be written in detail. Berry Teacher would recommend the sentence should be written in passive form sentence (same in PEKA) and it can be present or past tense (no penalty). And try to uniform it. From the previous SPM Paper 3 record, there is no penalty if you write in active form sentence but not in PEKA report!
g) Tabulation of data: This is the easiest part to get one mark, as long as you draw a table (empty table / box), you will be given at least one mark. Remember to write unit in the manipulated variable column and responding variable column


TEKNIK MENJAWAB FIZIK KERTAS 3 SPM

Pemarkahan Kertas 3

1)inference (1mark)
2)hypothesis (1mark)
3)Aim (1mark)
4)MANIPULATED+RESPONDING  variables (1mark)
5)FIXED variable (1mark)
6)COMPLETE list of apparatus and materials (1mark)
7)functional diagram of apparatus (1mark)
8)State how the manipulated variable is controlled (1mark)
9)State how the responding variable is measured (1mark)
10)State how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5 sets of results (1mark)
11)State how the data is tabulated (1mark)
12)State how the data is analysed (1mark)
TOTAL MARKS =12marks

Example Question
In the ocean, the water is often more calm. As the waves move towards the beach they become more distinct as shown by diagram 4.1. Study the shape and wave length shown in diagram 4.1.

Based on the information and the observation above:

(a)State one suitable inference
(manipulated) AFFECTS (responding)
depth AFFECTS wavelength   √

b)State one suitable hypothesis
(manipulated) increase, (responding)increase
OR
(manipulated) derease, (responding)decrease
OR
(manipulated) increase, (responding)decrease (and vice versa)

Depth increases, wavelength increases  √

(c)With the use of apparatus such as ripple tank, stroboscope and other suitable apparatus, describe an experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4(b). In your description, state clearly the following :

(i) Aim of the experiment
you can take fron the question.For example :
In the ocean, the water is often more calm. As the waves move towards the beach they become more distinct as shown by diagram 4.1. Study the shape and wave length shown in diagram 4.1.
(ocean is more depth, beach is less depth. the question ask you to study wavelength also) 
To INVESTIGATE the RELAITIONSHIP between(manipulated) and (responding)
Answer :
To investigate the relationship between depth and wavelength  √

(ii) Variables in the experiment
Manipulated variable : depth, h
Responding variable : wavelength, λ  √
fixed variable: frequency  √

(iii) List of apparatus and materials.
D.c. power supply, ripple tank and accessories, lamp, metre rule, white paper, 5 pieces of perspecs/glass, stroboscope  √

(iv) Arrangement of the apparatus  √
Draw a functional diagram, use a ruler and pencil for this question.

(iv) The procedure of the experiment which includes the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable.
State how the manipulated variable is controlled
The current was switched on.
The put one piece of perspecs in the ripple tank
  √
State how the responding variable is measured
Mark the position of wave on the white paper as seen through the stroboscope
Measure the wavelength using metre rule
  √
The procedure was repeated for different depth by putting pieces of perspecs on top of the previous perspecs in the ripple tank 2,3,4 and 5 number of perspecs.  √

(v) The way you would tabulate the data
(manipulated variables)(responding variables)
1-
2-
3-
4-
5-

don`t forget to put unit.For example:  √
number of perspecsWavelength / cm
1-
2-
3-
4-
5-

(vi) The way you would analyse the data.
must draw graph but draw x-axis and y-axis
x-axis label manipulated variables
y-axis label responding varialbes  
√-


TEKNIK MENJAWAB SEJARAH SPM

1. Kertas 1 (objektif) – 40 markah
- 1 soalan – 1 markah
- Masa – 1 jam
- 1 bab – 2/3 soalan 
- Cari jawapan salah dulu
- Pilih satu jawapan sahaja
- Buat ulangkaji / latih tubi berdasarkan topik
- Baca dua kali sebelum menjawab
- Urus masa dengan baik

2. Cara menjawab kertas 2

a) Soalan struktur (40 markah)
- Ada 4 soalan – 10 markah 1 soalan
- Masa 30/40 minit
- Ada pecahan i) ii) iii) iv)
- Baca tokoh / peristiwa / ciri-ciri / konsep/ istilah / faktor / kesan
- Meliputi teks T4/T5
- Jawab dalam bentuk ayat

b) Soalan esei
- Baca dan garis perkataan / kunci kata dalam soalan 
- Jawab 3 soalan sahaja (60 markah)
- Bentuk ayat ringkas dan padat
- Beri 1 contoh sahaja dalam isimesti ada huraian 
- Panjang jawapan berdasarkan markah soalan 
- 1 soalan – 20 markah – guna masa 30 minit sahaja
- Merangkumi teks T4 / T5
- Jika 10 markah tulis 5 isi (1 isi - 2 markah)
- Jika 5 markah tulis 3 isi atau 1 perenggan
- 1 isi tulis dalam satu perenggan
- Tiada pengenalan atau penutup 
- Tulis isi dan huraian sahaja

C Cadangan kepada calon / guru mata pelajaran Sejarah

- Beri tumpuan kepada fakta dalam buku teks sebagai rujukan utama
- Memahami konsep Sejarah
- Perbanyakkan latihan / kemukakan banyak soalan setiap bab 
- Kuasai teknik menjawab yang tepat
- Buat nota / peta minda
- Buat kumpulan / perbincangan topik

TEKNIK MENJAWAB BAHASA MELAYU SPM

RUMUSAN

Petikan membicangkan .........

Masalah =kekangan/halangan
Langkah =cara-cara,mekanisme
Peranan =fungsi,tanggungjawab

Pendahuluan  *keterangan tempat
                       >di negara kita
                       >di Malaysia
                       >di sekolah-sekolah ini
                       *keterangan masa
                       >pada masa ini
                       >pada zaman ini
                      *keterangan siapa
                       >dalam kalangan murid
                       >dalam kehidupan manusia

Isi tersurat =tambah penanda wacana sebelum isi yang lain
                    *Selain itu,
                    *Disamping itu,
                    *Seterusnya,
                    *Tambahan lagi,
                    *Akhirnya,

Isi tersirat =cara-cara
                  *kerajaan -kempen
                                  -denda
                                  -menguatkuasakan undang-undang

                  *media massa -mengiklankan dokumentari
                                          -memaparkan dokumentari

Kesimpulan

....................agar/untuk/supaya................